Avoiding the high cost of a complex, mechanical residuals management system
A water treatment plant (WTP) can generate a significant amount of residuals from processes such as clarification, sedimentation, softening, iron and manganese removal, filter backwash and more.
Dealing with these residuals often requires additional equipment and oversight to collect, thicken and dewater them. Conventional residual management equipment can add several million dollars in capital costs to the plant and higher operating costs.
In 2010, the Town of Perth, Ontario began evaluating options to collect and dewater the sludge from the sedimentation tanks of its water treatment plant. Unfortunately, the sludge could not be sent to the town’s wastewater treatment plant since it was nearly at capacity and would not be able to handle the additional loading. The town needed a way to treat the residuals onsite and produce high quality effluent that could be discharged into the Tay River.
Project managers initially considered a complex mechanical treatment system, but the estimated cost of more than $7 million was unaffordable for the small community, which had fewer than 6,000 residents at the time. Instead, they began looking for a cost-effective alternative that could achieve the treatment requirements and preserve capacity in the town’s wastewater lagoons.
A passive dewatering system for about 1/5 of the cost of alternatives
Rather than opting for a conventional mechanical treatment process, Perth chose Bishop Water’s simple, low-energy Solids Management Solution that uses only Geotube® containers, specially selected polymers and gravity to collect an dewater process residuals in a single step.
The entire Bishop Solids Management Solution was installed for $1.25 million, saving about $6 million in capital costs for the community.
The solution, which has been operating since December 2014, consistently meets the discharge requirement at operating costs that are significantly lower than alternatives.
Bishop Water completed the design-build project as the general contractor, project manager, and equipment supplier in partnership with Andrum Associates Inc. and Maple Reinders as the builder.
The process begins by pumping sludge from the WTP’s sedimentation tanks to a 40 m3 holding tank. About every six hours, operators pump the sludge from the holding tank to a Geotube container.
As the slurry is pumped, polymer is added to accelerate dewatering and enhance solids retention. Bishop Water’s PLC-controlled Venturi Emulsion Polymer Activation System (VEPAS™) provides precise polymer dosing based on the pumping speed.
The indoor Geotube is used to process about a third of the WTP’s annual sludge volume.
In 2018, Perth WTP increased its use of the Bishop Solids Management Solution and began collecting and dewatering residuals from the filter backwash process also.
To achieve this, two underground 200 m3 tanks were installed to collect the filter backwash and settle out the solids. Operators decant the clarified water, release it to the river, then gradually pump the sludge to the 40 m3 tank for batch processing by the Bishop Solids Management System.
After a period of dewatering, the Geotubes are cut open and thedry solids are removed for disposal.
The Geotube® filtration process consistently releases filtrate with TSS in the range of 3 to 4 mg/L—far below the discharge limit of 25 mg/L. As a result, the plant can safely release the filtrate directly into the Tay River without any additional treatment.
The Bishop Solids Management Solution also supports an initiative to extend the life of Perth’s wastewater treatment lagoons by reducing influent loading. This approach helps conserve precious wastewater treatment capacity and enables the town to avoid the capital cost of expanding the treatment lagoons.
The project received the 2015 Minister’s Award for Environmental Excellence from the Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change. The award recognizes companies and communities that have gone above and beyond to enhance and protect the environment.
Our Bishop Solids Management Solution has been used at municipal and industrial sites across Canada to collect, dewater and consolidate sludge.
Bishop Solids Management Solutions are ideal to collect and dewater virtually any type of organic or granular slurry material, including fines, silts and clays.
Contact us today to discuss a simple, low-energy solution for your site.
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